During a disaster, ordinary items in the home can cause injury or damage. We need to identify potential problems and take steps to correct them.
|- Replace frayed or cracked extension and appliance cords, loose prongs and plugs.|
- Make sure there is only one plug per outlet; avoid overloading outlets. If you must use an extension cord, use a cord that is rated for the electrical load and is no longer than needed.
- Remove electrical cords that run under rugs or over nails, heaters or pipes.
- Cover exposed outlets and wiring.
- Repair or replace appliances that overheat, short out, smoke or spark.
Chemical- Store flammable liquids, such as gasoline, acetone, benzene and lacquer thinner, in approved safety cans away from the home.
- Place containers in a well-ventilated area and close the lids tightly. Secure the containers to prevent spills.
- Keep combustible liquids, such as paint thinner, kerosene, charcoal lighter fluid and turpentine, away from heat sources.
- Store oily waste and polishing rags in covered metal cans.
- Instruct family members not to use gasoline, benzene or other flammable fluids to start fires or clean indoors.
- Clear out old rags, papers, mattresses, broken furniture and other combustible materials.
- Move clothes, curtains, rags and paper goods away from electrical equipment, gas appliances or flammable materials.
- Remove dried grass cuttings, tree trimmings and weeds from the property.
- Clean and repair chimneys, flue pipes, vent connectors and gas vents.
- Keep heaters and candles away from curtains and furniture.
- Place portable heaters on a level surface, away from high-traffic areas. (Purchase portable heaters that are equipped with automatic shut-off switches and avoid the use of extension cords.)
- Install at least one smoke detector on each level of the home, especially near bedrooms. Test every month and change batteries at least once a year.
- Keep at least one fire extinguisher (A-B-C type) and maintain and recharge according to manufacturer’s instructions. Show all family members where it is kept and how it is used.
- Anchor water heaters, large appliances, bookcases, other tall or heavy furniture, shelves, mirrors and pictures to wall studs.
- Fit water heaters with a flexible gas supply line. Place large or heavy objects on lower shelves.
- Install clips, latches or other locking devices on cabinet doors.
- Provide strong support and flexible connections for gas appliances.
- Hang heavy items, such as pictures and mirrors, away from beds and places where people sit.
- Repair any deep cracks in ceilings or foundations.
- Locate the main electric fuse or circuit breaker box, water service shut-off and natural gas main shut-off.
- Clear the area around shut-off switches for easy access.
- Attach shut-off wrench or specialty tools to a pipe or other location close by the gas and water shut-off valves.
- Paint shut-off valves with white or fluorescent paint to increase visibility.
|- If at all possible, avoid driving during an emergency or disaster situation. If you must drive, there are some basic safety measures for your vehicle.|
- Check the radiator coolant level and check the sturdiness of hoses and belts.
- Check and replace all burned out headlights, tail lights and turn signals.
- Ensure that each tire’s treads are one-sixteenth-inch deep for adequate traction.
- Make sure the vehicle’s brakes are in proper working order.
- Check the oil and change it or add more as needed.
- Keep a bottle of window washer fluid in the trunk and ensure wiper blades are in good working order. --During the winter, keep an ice scraper and small shovel or broom in the vehicle.
-Keep the exhaust pipe clear of snow; poisonous gases filter into your vehicle if the pipe is clogged.